5 Years Old

Motor Development

• Able to dress self with little assistance
• Learns to skip
• Throws ball overhead
• Catches bounced balls
• Rides a tricycle skillfully, may show interest in riding a bicycle with training wheels
• Uses a fork and knife well
• Cuts on a line with scissors
• Hand dominance is established
• Jumps over low objects

Speech, Language, and Mental Development

• Knows basic colors like red, yellow, blue, green, orange
• Able to memorize address and phone number
• Understands that stories have a beginning, middle, and end
• Enjoys telling his or her own stories
• Understands that books are read from left to right, top to bottom
• Enjoys riddles and jokes
• Draws pictures that represent animals, people, and objects
• Enjoys tracing or copying letters
• Sorts objects by size
• Identifies some letters of the alphabet and a few numbers
• Understands more, less, and the same
• Counts up to 10 objects
• Understands before and after, above and below (position words)
• Is project-minded; plans building, play scenarios, and drawings
• Interested in cause and effect