By 18 to 24 Months

Motor Development

• Walks well
• Likes to run, but can’t always stop and turn well
• Drinks from a straw
• Feeds self with a spoon
• Helps wash hands
• Stacks 4 to 6 blocks
• Tosses or rolls a large ball
• Open cabinets, drawers, and boxes
• Bends over to pick up toy without falling
• Walks up steps with help
• Takes steps backward
• Enjoys sitting on and moving small-wheeled riding toys
• Begins to gain some control of bowels and bladder; complete control may not be achieved until around age 3 (boys often do not complete toilet training until age 3 ½)

Speech, Language and Mental Development

• Has a vocabulary between fifty and one hundred words
• Uses two to three word sentences
• Echoes single words that are spoken by someone else
• Talks to self and “jabbers” expressively
• Has “favorite” toys
• Likes to choose between two objects
• Hums or tries to sing
• Listens to short rhymes or finger plays
• Points to eyes, ears, or nose when asked
• Uses the words “Please” and “Thank you” if prompted
• Makes animal sounds such as “moo”

Social and Emotional Development

• Likes to imitate others
• Begins to show signs of independence; says “no”
• Has difficulty sharing
• Very possessive
• Finds it difficult to wait and wants it right now!
• Gets angry sometimes and has temper tantrums
• Acts shy around strangers
• Comforts a distressed friend or parent
• Refers to self by name
• Uses the words “me” and “mine”
• Enjoys looking at picture books
• Tries to do many things alone
• Enjoys adult attention
• Enjoys pretending (wearing hats, talking on phone)
• Enjoys exploring; gets into everything, and requires constant supervision
• Generally unable to remember rules
• Often gets physically aggressive when frustrated; slaps, hits, etc
• Shows affection by returning a hug or kiss
• May become attached to a toy or blanket